Friday, July 23, 2010

China - Guangji Bridge 廣濟橋


Stamp Issue : 2009-11-16 

Guangji Bridge (aka Xiangzi Bridge) is a pontoon bridge situated in the east of Chaozhou in Guangdong Province. Crossing the Han River, the bridge is renowned as one of the four most famous ancient bridges in China with the other three being the Zhaozhou Bridge, Luoyang Bridge and Lugou Bridge.
Built in 1170 during the Southern Song Dynasty, originally a wooden pontoon bridge, the stone bridge took 57 years to complete, was 515 meters long and known as Jizhou Bridge. The two beamed sections were supported by 18 piers. Due to turbulent current, a bridge could not be built in the middle section that was about 100 meters wide. Small ferryboats were used to transport between the two beamed sections instead.
Renovated in 1435 (the 10th year of Xuande Empeor of the Ming Dynasty), the bridge was extended by erecting five more piers and 12 pavilions. It was renamed to Guangji Bridge. During the reign of Zhengde Emperor (1505–1521), another pier was erected which gave a total of 24 piers, all made in granite. The two beamed sections were connected by chaining 18 shuttle boats to form a pontoon which served as a gate that could be open and close. The boats could be disconnected to allow large boats and rafts passage, and then reconnected to return to their original position. This was the first switchable stone bridge in China and in the world, an innovation that set a precedent in bridge-building history.
Guangji Bridge was renovated many times since. In 2003, the bridge was fully restored to its original appearance and completed in June 2007.

公元1435年 (明宣德十年) 重修,並增建五墩,橋上修築樓閣12座, 稱廣濟橋;正德年間,又增建一墩,總共24墩。橋墩用花崗石塊砌成。中段用18艘梭船聯成浮橋,能開能合,當大船、木排通過時,可以將浮橋中的浮船解開,讓船隻、木排通過。然後再將浮船歸回原處。這是中國、也是世界上最早的一座開關活動式大石橋。為橋建築界歷史創下先河。

1 comment:

Dorincard said...

Very cool - 3 se-tenant stamps! :)