Sunday, November 30, 2008

Taiwan ROC - Kuanfu Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1986-07-30 

Kuanfu Bridge...

 (Post-meeting information)

Saturday, November 29, 2008

China - Precious Belt Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1962-05-15 

Precious Belt Bridge is a Chinese stone arch bridge located near the city of Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. The Precious Belt Bridge is located at the intersection of the Grand Canal and Dantai Lake, about 2.5 kilometer south east of Suzhou. The first construction of the bridge dates back to the year 816 AD, during the mid Tang Dynasty. The bridge's span is 317 m long and has a width of 4.1 m, with a total of 53 arches in its span. The three central arches are enlarged to allow for the passage of - by historical standards - larger river vessels without masts. The average span of each arch is 4.6 m.

Friday, November 28, 2008

Spain - Barqueta Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1992-08-10 

Barqueta Bridge was designed entirely with steel. It is approximately 185 yards long with no intermediate supports, with a total width roadbed of approximately 23 yards. The bridge is innovative in design, with its central arch soaring over the completely obstacle-free roadbed. The arch, instead of resting on the center or the edges of the roadbed, is supported on two triangular frames, adding a three-dimensional aspect to the bridge. In the distant background resembling a ship with a blue smoke stack is the pavilion of Andalusia, Spain.

Thursday, November 27, 2008

Japan - Rainbow Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1994-08-31 

Rainbow Bridge is a suspension bridge over the Tokyo Port, located on the northernmost part of Tokyo Bay, connecting the Shibaura Wharf and the new waterfront development area, known as Odaiba in Minato-ku ward, Tokyo.
This new symbol of the bayside Tokyo, completed in 1993, is 570m in length and carries three lines of transportations; Metropolitan Expressway No. 11 Odaiba Route on the upper deck, Route 357, also known as "Rinkou Douro" (Portside Avenue) and the Yurikamome New Transit on the lower deck. It is also possible to walk across the bridge at times when the walkway is open.
The towers supporting the bridge are white in color, designed to harmonize with the skyline of central Tokyo seen from Odaiba. There are lamps placed on the wires supporting the bridge, which are illuminated into three different colors, red, white and green every night, using the solar energy obtained during the day.

Tuesday, November 25, 2008

France - Pont-Saint-Esprit 聖思捷橋


Stamp Issue : 1966-04-23 

St. Esprit Bridge (Pont-Saint-Esprit) across the River Rhone, in the same name place of Pont-St-Esprit, in southern France.
It was built between 1265 and 1309 by the friars of St. Esprit friary.(the oldest bridge on the Rhone)It has almost 919 meters in length and 25 archs. Bridge showed in a picture of the 18th century.


Monday, November 24, 2008

Romania, Bulgaria - Giurgio-Ruse Friendship Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1972-06-25  


Stamp Issue : 1978-12-07 

Giurgiu-Rousse Friendship Bridge is a steel truss bridge over the Danube River connecting the Bulgarian bank to the south with the Romanian bank to the north and the cities of Rousse (Ruse) and Giurgiu respectively.
Opened on 20 June 1954 and designed by Georgi Ovcharov (according to other sources: V. Andreev), the bridge is 2.80 km long and is the only bridge over the Danube in the section shared by Bulgaria and Romania as of 2008, with the other traffic being served by ferries. It has two decks, one for road (two lanes) and one for railway traffic, as well as sidewalks for pedestrians, and was constructed in two and a half years with the aid of the Soviet Union.
The Giurgiu-Rousse Friendship Bridge also has border control stations due to it serving as a border crossing between the two countries. Since 1 January 2007 there is no more customs control and the passport/identity card control is done "on one desk" by Bulgarian or Romanian border police, because it is an internal border for the European Union. Border control will be completely removed when Bulgaria and Romania implement the Schengen Agreement which is expected to happen in 2009.
There are a pair of rectangular towers supported by pillars on both ends.

Sunday, November 23, 2008

Brazil - Rio-Niterói Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1974-03-11 

Rio-Niterói Bridge is a Box girder bridge that connects the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Niterói in Brazil. Its official name is "President Costa e Silva Bridge", in honor of the Brazilian president who ordered its construction. "Rio-Niterói" started as a descriptive nickname that soon became better known than the official name. Today, hardly anyone refers to it by its official name.
It is 13,290 m long - 8,836 m over water and the bridge's central span is 72 m high in order to allow passage to the hundreds of ships that enter and leave the bay every month. It carries a daily traffic load of approximately 140,000 vehicles, which pay a toll only when entering Niterói of R$3.50 (as of August 2007), about US$2.04 or €1.32. It has 18 access points and eight overpasses.

Saturday, November 22, 2008

Taiwan ROC - MacArthur Second Bridge 臺北麥帥二橋


Stamp Issue : 2007-04-12 

Finished in 1995, this basket handle Nielsen Type steel arch bridge is the first of its kind in Taiwan, measuring 400 meters long and 18.7 meters wide. Its "basket handle" and cables (stretched at 60-degree angle) give it a three-dimensional structural power and beauty.


Friday, November 21, 2008

China - Jiangyin Bridge


Stamp Issue : 2000-03-26 

Jiangyin Bridge is the most seaward suspension bridge to cross the Yangtze River of China. The concrete towers are 190 metres tall, roughly equivalent in height to a 60 story building. It connects the cities of Jiangyin and Jingjiang. The main span of the bridge is 1,385 metres long, making it the sixth-longest span suspension bridge in the world and the largest in China at the time of its completion in 1999. The bridge opened on September 28, 1999.

Thursday, November 20, 2008

United States - Mackinac Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1958-06-25 

Mackinac Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect the non-contiguous Upper and Lower peninsulas of the U.S. state of Michigan. Envisioned since the 1880s, the bridge was completed only after many decades of struggles to begin construction. The bridge connects the city of St. Ignace on the north end with the village of Mackinaw City on the south. It is the longest suspension bridge between anchorages in the Western hemisphere.
The bridge opened on November 1, 1957, ending decades of the two peninsulas being solely linked by ferries. A year later, the bridge was formally dedicated as "the world's longest suspension bridge between anchorages". At 2,626 m, the Mackinac Bridge is the longest suspension bridge with two towers between anchorages in the Western Hemisphere. The length of the bridge's main span is 1,158 m, which makes it the third-longest suspension span in the United States and twelfth longest worldwide.

Wednesday, November 19, 2008

Portugal - D. Maria Pia Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1977-11-04 

D. Maria Pia Bridge (Ponte Maria Pia) is a railway bridge built in 1877 by Gustave Eiffel in Porto, Portugal. Built of wrought iron, its two-hinged crescent arch carries the railway line to Lisbon for 353m spanning the River Douro at a height of 60m.
Eiffel's design was the least expensive of eight entries into an 1875 competition, being 31% less than the next lowest priced. The bridge was built to avoid a 12 km detour, and started on 5 January 1876 and completed on 4 November 1877. At that time its span of 160m was the longest arch bridge in the world, the previous record holder, at 156m, being the Eads Bridge over the Mississippi at St Louis. The bridge was opened by the king of Portugal and named after his queen Maria Pia.
In 1991 the bridge was superseded by the new St John (Ponte de São João) bridge. Despite the bridge being deactivated, this is still one of the greater city symbols. The president of the 2 cities had promise that the bridge world be reopen for walking and cycling but nothing was done yet.

Tuesday, November 18, 2008

Malaysia - Penang Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1985-09-14 

Penang Bridge is a dual-carriageway toll bridge that connects Gelugor on the island of Penang and Seberang Prai on the mainland of Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula. The bridge is also linked to the North-South Expressway in Prai and Jelutong Expressway in Penang. It was officially opened to traffic on September 14, 1985. The total length of the bridge is 13.5 km, making it among the longest bridges in the world, the longest bridge in Malaysia as well as a national landmark.

Monday, November 17, 2008

Switzerland - Chapel Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1960-63 


Stamp Issue : 1978-04-23  


Stamp Issue : 1993-09-07 

Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrücke) is a 204 m long bridge crossing the Reuss River in the city of Lucerne in Switzerland. It is the oldest wooden bridge in Europe, and one of Switzerland's main tourist attractions.
The covered bridge, constructed in 1333, was designed to help protect the city of Lucerne from attacks. Inside the bridge are a series of paintings from the 17th century depicting events from Luzerne's history. Much of the bridge, and the majority of these paintings, were destroyed in a 1993 fire, though it was quickly rebuilt.
Adjoining the bridge is the 43 m tall Wasserturm (Water Tower), an octagonal tower made from brick, which has served as a prison, torture chamber, watchtower and treasury. Today the tower, which is part of the city wall, is used as the guild hall of the artillery association. The tower and the bridge are Lucerne's trademark and form the most photographed monument in the country.

Sunday, November 16, 2008

France - Pont Oléron 奧萊龍大橋


Stamp Issue : 1966-06-18 

Oléron Bridge (Pont Oléron) is a cantilever girder bridge connecting Western French Coast and Oléron Island. With a length of 2,862 meters between the abutments, it was the longest bridge in France when completed on March 19, 1966. The bridge comprises 4 main spans, 80 meters long each, and some other spans between 40 and 80 meters. At first it was a toll bridge, and then became toll-free in 1991.


Saturday, November 15, 2008

Hungary - Elisabeth Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1964-11-21

Stamp Issue : 1965-05-10 

Elisabeth Bridge (Erzsébet Bridge) is the second newest bridge and one of the most elegant ones of Budapest, Hungary, connecting Buda and Pest across the River Danube. It is situated at the narrowest part of the Danube, the bridge spanning only 290 m. It is named after Queen Elisabeth, a popular queen and empress of Austria-Hungary, who was assassinated in 1898. Today, her large bronze statue sits by the bridge's Buda side connection in the middle of a small garden.


Friday, November 14, 2008

United States - George Washington Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1952-09-08 

George Washington Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Hudson River, connecting the Washington Heights neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City to Fort Lee in New Jersey by means of Interstate 95, U.S. Route 1/9. U.S. Route 46, which is entirely in New Jersey, ends halfway across the bridge at the state border. The GWB is considered one of the world's busiest bridges in terms of vehicle traffic. The bridge carried 107,912,000 vehicles last year, down slightly from the 2006 volume of 108,529,830 vehicles, according to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey — the bi-state government agency that owns and operates several area bridges, tunnels, and airports.
The GW span is the fourth longest suspension bridge in the United States. It contains two levels — an upper level with four lanes in each direction and a lower level with three lanes in each direction, for a total of 14 lanes of travel. Additionally, the bridge houses a path on each side of the bridge's upper level for pedestrian traffic. The speed limit on the bridge is 45 mph (70 km/h), though heavy traffic is common and frequently makes it difficult to reach such speeds, especially during the morning rush hour into New York City.

Thursday, November 13, 2008

Sweden - Älvsborg Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1971- 

Älvsborg Bridge is a suspension bridge over Göta älv in Gothenburg, Sweden, which connects the north and the south part of the city. It was built in 1966 and designed by Sven Olof Asplund. The total length of the bridge is 933 meters and distance between the towers ("main span") is 417 meters, while the clearance below the bridge is 45 meters. The pylons are 107 meters tall making the bridge one of Gothenburgs most prominent landmarks.
The bridge was painted green for the 1995 World Championships in Athletics which Gothenburg hosted. Work started in 1993 and used about 36,000 litres of paint.

Wednesday, November 12, 2008

China - Wind-Rain Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1997-06-02 

A remarkable Wind-Rain Bridge cross a river, near the county of Liping. Wind-and-rain Bridge is a wooden covered corridor bridge, with pavilions and benches. In Dong areas there are lots of wind-and-rain bridges: over 50 just in Liping County, and more are distributed in the Sanjiang area. The most representative one is Chengyang Bridge, in Sanjiang, Guangxi Province. It was built in 1916: 76 meters long, 10.6 meters high and 3.4 meters wide; 5 piers and 4 openings; like a huge dragon across the Chengyang River; one of the four most famous bridges in China, and an important national cultural relic. Eight fir logs are laid closely on the piers in two layers, above which are five pavilions of different styles of roofs, built together to form the covered corridor bridge floor. The three pavilions in the middle are in a four-layer pagoda style, while the other two are in a five-layer long-ridge style. The five pavilions stand in a row, in a magnificent manner. On eaves of the corridor and the pavilions, lively and colorful images such as mountains, rivers, lakes, flowers, birds, beasts and fish, are painted. The interesting thing is the leverage used in the pavilion eaves, with beams sticking out widely; thus the eaves curl upwards, like a white crane spreading its wings wide, ready to fly up to the sky.

China - Wind-Rain Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1997-06-02 

A small Wind-rain Bridge cross a small stream in the Farmland. Wind-and-rain Bridge is a wooden covered corridor bridge, with pavilions and benches. It's a typical building in the area of Dong minority in China. People can rest on the bridge sitting or lying. Since the bridge shields people from wind, rain and sunshine, it is called the wind-and-rain Bridge, or sometimes "the flower bridge". For large-sized wind-and-rain bridges, the piers are made of big bluestone, upon which, big logs are spliced together by tenons, in a reversed pyramid, as the girder of the bridge. Upon these logs is the covering of the girder. In this way the openings have got a larger width. On the piers are pavilions, to add to the beauty of the bridge and the weight on both ends of the beams, and to increase the stability of the bridge body. Pavilions mostly have five layers of eaves, with a quadrangular or hexagonal roof, which is a spire or a long ridge; both practical and of artistic value.

Tuesday, November 11, 2008

Sweden - Öland Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1986-08-07 

Öland Bridge (Swedish: Ölandsbron) is a road bridge connecting Kalmar on mainland Sweden to Färjestaden (Ferry Town) on the island of Öland to its east. It is 6,072 m long, supported on 156 pillars, and has a characteristic hump at its western end – created to provide a vertical clearance of 36 m for shipping.
A little to the south of the western end of the bridge a small wooden pedestrian and cycle bridge, around 150 m in length and connecting the island of Svinö to the mainland, echoes the form of the Öland bridge. This "replica" is clearly visible to anyone crossing to Öland via the main bridge.
The bridge is the longest in Sweden and one of the longest in all Europe. The Oresund Bridge linking Sweden with Denmark is longer overall, but not that part of it lying wholly within Sweden.

Monday, November 10, 2008

Bulgaria - Tarnovo Bridge


Stamp Issue : 1947-05-24 

Tarnovo Bridge, cross the Yantra River, in Veliko Tirnovo. The Veliko Tŭrnovo, formerly Trnovo or Tirnovo, city(1993 pop. 69,059), N central Bulgaria, on the Yantra River. It is a commercial center and produces foodstuffs, textiles, and leather. Trnovo is the seat of an Eastern Orthodox metropolitan. The site was probably a Roman fortress. The second Bulgarian kingdom came into existence at Trnovo when Ivan I was proclaimed czar in 1186. It was the capital of Bulgaria under Ivan II, who built(1230) the Church of the Forty Martyrs. The city fell to the Turks in 1393. A Bulgarian constitution was drafted in 1879 at Trnovo, where the full independence of Bulgaria was proclaimed in 1908. In 1965 the city was renamed Veliko ( "Greater" ) Tŭrnovo.

Sunday, November 9, 2008

Germany - Bridge cross the Highway


Stamp Issue : 1936-09-21 

The bridge is across Frontier highway, in Munich.

 (I have no other information about this bridge, and hope you can provide it, email me please, thanks!)

Saturday, November 8, 2008

Romania - Truss Bridge on Danube-Black Sea Canal


Stamp Issue : 1985-06-07 

Truss bridge crosses the Danube-Black Sea Canal, in Cernavoda. The Cernavodă is a town in Constanţa County, Dobrogea, Romania. The town's name is derived from the Bulgarian, meaning "black water".
The town is a Danube fluvial port, and it houses the Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant, consisting of two CANDU reactors providing about 20% of Romania's electrical energy output. The second reactor was built through a joint venture between Canada's Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and Italy's ANSALDO and become fully functional in November 2007.
The Danube-Black Sea Canal, opened in 1984, runs from Cernavodă to Agigea and Năvodari.

 (I have no other information about this bridge, and hope you can provide it, email me please, thanks!)

Friday, November 7, 2008

Luxembourg - Stone Arch Bridge at Vianden 菲安登的石拱橋


Stamp Issue : 1953-05-18 

Stone arch bridge at communes of Vianden in Luxembourg, according to the drawing of Victor Hugo, near the house where he lived in 1871.
Victor Hugo (1802–85), the famous French author, who stayed in Vianden on several occasions between 1862 and 1871, recording its beauty and setting in prose, poetry and sketches. Hugo did much to promote the attractions of Vianden to the outside world.


Thursday, November 6, 2008

France - Pont des Arts 藝術橋


Stamp Issue : 1978-02-04

Stamp Issue : 2005-09-17 

Arts Bridge (Pont des Arts or Passerelle des Arts) is a pedestrian bridge in Paris, France which crosses the Seine River to link the Institute de France and the central square (cour carrée) of the palais du Louvre. Constructed between 1802 and 1804, it was the first metal bridge in Paris. It had nine arches, and its total length was 155 meters and width 11 meters. The bridge was rebuilt between 1981 and 1984 due to the damage caused by aerial bombardments during WWI and WWII and the multiple boat collisions. The present bridge has seven instead of previous nine arches while preserving the look of the old bridge.
The bridge has sometimes served as a place for art exhibitions, and is today a studio en plein air for painters, artists and photographers who are drawn to its unique point of view. The Pont des Arts is also frequently a spot for picnics during the summer.