Friday, May 28, 2010

France & Algeria - Bridge at Gorges du Chabet 夏貝峽谷的公路橋


Stamp Issue : 1960-01-16

Stamp Issue : 1962-11-01 

Road Stone Arches Bridge crosses the Gorges du Chabet El-Akra, in Kerrata, Algeria.
Algeria located in the northern Africa and the north by the Mediterranean Sea. It was French colony since 1905-1962. Independent in the 3rd July 1962.


Thursday, May 27, 2010

Luxembourg - Stone bridge in Müllerthal 米勒塔爾的石橋


Stamp Issue : 2004-05-10 

Situated between the valleys of the Sûre and the Black Ernz, near the German border, the region called “Luxembourgish Little Switzerland” or “Müllerthal”, is without doubt the most beautiful natural jewel in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
In fact, since prehistoric times, this grand region, an integral part of the German-Luxembourgish natural park, has attracted Man by its untamed beauty.
One of the best known, and most visited, curiosities in Mullerthal, a waterfall with 3 cascades and a picturesque stone bridge that crosses over it.


Wednesday, May 26, 2010

Netherlands - Erasmusbrug 伊拉斯姆大橋


Stamp Issue : 1996-08-06  


Stamp Issue : 2005-04-12  


Stamp Issue : 2009-03-04 

Erasmus Bridge (Erasmusbrug) is a cable stayed bridge spanning the Nieuwe Maas River, linking the northern and southern halves of the city of Rotterdam, Netherlands. The bridge was designed by Ben van Berkel and completed in 1996. The 808 meters long bridge has a 139 meters-high asymmetrical pylon, earning the bridge its nickname of "The Swan" The southern span of the bridge has a 89 meters long bascule bridge for ships that cannot pass under the bridge. The bascule bridge is the largest and heaviest in West Europe and has the largest panel of its type in the world. The bridge was officially opened by Queen Beatrix on September 6, 1996. Shortly after the bridge opened to traffic in October 1996, it was discovered the bridge would swing under particularly strong wind conditions. To reduce the trembling, stronger shock dampeners were installed.


Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Macau - Sai Van Bridge 西灣大橋


Stamp Issue : 1974-04-22 

Sai Van Bridge (Ponte de Sai Van) is a cable-stayed bridge in Macau inaugurated on December 19, 2004. The bridge measures 2.2 kilometers long and is the third one that connects Taipa Island and Macau Peninsula. It features a double-deck design, with an enclosed lower deck to be used in the event of strong typhoons when the other two bridges connecting Taipa and Macau Peninsula, namely Ponte Governador Nobre de Carvalho and Ponte de Amizade, are closed. Space is also reserved in the lower deck for a rail-link in the future (Macau Light Transit System).


Monday, May 24, 2010

Ivory Coast - Houphouet-Boigny Bridge 博瓦尼大橋


Stamp Issue : 1959-10-01 

Houphouet-Boigny Bridge that stretches across the Ebrié Lagoon with a continuous frame supported in beams and concrete columns is situated and supports a four-lane highway and a two-track railway, in Abidjan. It is the largest city and former capital of Ivory Coast. The bridge was Built in 1954-1957, it width 24.85 meters, total length 372 meters and span lengths 8 x 46.50 meters.


Sunday, May 23, 2010

Venezuela - General Rafael Urdaneta Bridge 拉斐爾烏達內塔元帥大橋


Stamp Issue : 1963-08-24 

General Rafael Urdaneta Bridge is located at the outlet Lake Maracaibo, in western Venezuela. The bridge connects Maracaibo with much of the rest of the country. It is named after General Rafael Urdaneta, a Venezuelan hero in the War of Independence. The bridge made of reinforced and prestressed concrete, the cable-stayed bridge spans 8,678 meters from shore to shore. The five main spans are each 235 meters long. They are supported from 92 meter tall towers, and provide 46 meter clearance to the water below. The bridge carries only vehicles.
It was built in 1958 and opened on 25 August 1962.


Saturday, May 22, 2010

France - Pont Saint-Etienne 聖艾蒂安橋


Stamp Issue : 1955-03-26 

Saint-Etienne Bridge (Pont Saint-Etienne) was a medieval bridge spanning the Vienne River in the city of Limoges,the capital of the Haute-Vienne department in west-central France. It is one of the best bridges preserved in France. The bridge, which was built in 1203, is 120 meters long and 5 meters wide. It is supported by seven unequal, pointed arches; each of them has its own autonomy.


Friday, May 21, 2010

France - Viaduc de Millau 米洛高架橋


Stamp Issue : 2004-12-14 

Millau Viaduct (le Viaduc de Millau) is an enormous cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the River Tarn near Millau in southern France.
Common designed by the French structural engineer Michel Virlogeux and British architect Norman Foster, it is the tallest bridge in the world, with one mast's summit at 343 meters—slightly taller than the Eiffel Tower.
The viaduct is part of the A75-A71 autoroute axis from Paris to Montpellier. It was formally dedicated on 14 December 2004, inaugurated the day after and opened to traffic two days later.


Wednesday, May 19, 2010

France - Pont Wilson 威爾遜大橋


Stamp Issue : 1962-02-17


Stamp Issue : 2001-06-01 

Wilson Bridge (Pont Wilson) is nicknamed “Old Bridge (French: Pont Vieux)” spanning the Loire River in Tours, France. It was originally built between 1765 and 1778, and classified as a historical monument in 1924. The bridge, composed of 15 arches, is 434 meters long and 21.3 meters wide. It was named “Wilson” in 1918 in honor of Woodrow Wilson (President of the United States of 1913 to 1921) for the participation of U.S. in the First World War; at which time, Tours was a major U.S. base.
The bridge collapsed in 1978 causing serious traffic problems. After a referendum on the bridge reconstruction, the new bridge was put into service in September 1982.


Tuesday, May 18, 2010

France - Viaduc de Garabit 加拉比高架橋


Stamp Issue : 1952-07-05 

Garabit Viaduct (Viaduc de Garabit) is a railroad arch bridge spanning the Truyère River near Ruynes en Margeride, Cantal, France, in the mountainous Massif Central region. The bridge was constructed between 1880 and 1884 by Gustave Eiffel, with structural engineering by Maurice Koechlin, and was opened in November 1885. It is 565 meters in length, 124 meters in height and has a principal arch of 165 meters, and took 38 tons of red paint to coat the entire bridge. For many years, the Garabit Viaduct remained the tallest bridge in the world.
Gustave Eiffel's tremendous success with the Garabit Viaduct, and later with the framework of the Statue of Liberty and Paris' Eiffel Tower, earned him the nickname "magician of iron."


Monday, May 17, 2010

Australia - Princes Bridge 普林瑟斯橋


Stamp Issue : 1956-10-31 

Princes Bridge is a historic bridge that crosses the Yarra River in Central Melbourne, Australia. It is built on the site of one of the oldest river crossings in Australia, being the third bridge on the same location. The first was a wooden trestle bridge built in 1844. The second was built in 1850 as the longest single span bridge in the world,and stood for 35 years. The current bridge was built in 1888, making it over 122 years old. The bridge connects Swanston Street on the Yarra River's northern bank to St Kilda Road on the southern bank, and carries, road, tram and pedestrian traffic. The bridge is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.
Because of its position, Princes Bridge is often a focal point for celebratory events in Melbourne such as the Moomba Festival, New Years Eve and many celebrations taking place on the Yarra River where it flows through the city.


Sunday, May 16, 2010

France - Pont Neuf 新橋


Stamp Issue : 1947-05-07  


Stamp Issue : 1978-05-27 

New Bridge (Pont Neuf) is the oldest standing bridge spanning the river Seine in Paris, France. Its name, which was given to distinguish it from older bridges that were lined on both sides with houses, has remained.
Standing by the western point of the Île de la Cité, the island in the middle of the river that was the heart of medieval Paris, it connects the Rive Gauche of Paris (South of Paris) with the Rive Droite. It was the first stone bridge in Paris, has 278 meters in long and 28 meters in wide. The bridge is composed of two separate spans, one of five arches joining the left bank to the Île de la Cité, another of seven joining the island to the right bank.
The bridge had heavy traffic from the beginning; it was for a long time the widest bridge in Paris. The bridge has undergone much repair and renovation work, including rebuilding the bridge spans and changing the arches from an almost semi-circular to elliptical form (1848–1855), In 1885, one of the piers of the short arm was undermined, removing the two adjacent arches.
A major restoration of the Pont Neuf was begun in 1994 and was completed in 2007, the year of its 400th anniversary.


Saturday, May 15, 2010

Senegal - Faidherbe Bridge 費代爾布大橋


Stamp Issue : 1935- 

Faidherbe Bridge is a road bridge over the Senegal River which links the island of the city of Saint-Louis in Senegal to the African mainland. The metal bridge is 507.35 meters long and 10.5 meters wide, weighing 1,500 tones, it has in total eight spans of which one span of 42.95 meters, two spans of 36.55 meters and five spans each of 78.26 meters. The second span from the city is mobile, being capable of turning 45 degrees to let small ships to cross.
The bridge was opened on July 14 1897. It was built by Gustave Eiffel. Gustave Eiffel was a French structural engineer and entrepreneur and a specialist of metallic structures. He is famous for designing the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France and Statue of Liberty, New York Harbor, United States.

費代爾布大橋是一座跨越塞內加爾河的公路橋,連接塞內加爾聖路易斯島城市與非洲大陸。金屬橋身長507.35公尺,寬10.5公尺,重達1500噸,全橋分成8段跨度 ,其中1段跨度為42.95公尺,兩段跨度為36.55公尺和5段跨度各78.26公尺。接近市區的第二跨度是活動的,可以呈45度轉向,能夠讓小型船舶通過。

Friday, May 14, 2010

Andorra - Sant Antoni Bridge 聖安東尼橋


Stamp Issue : 1932-43  


Stamp Issue : 1963-64 

Sant Antoni Bridge is a stone arch bridge of the most typical in the Andorran valleys. In the past, it was the only way to get to La Massana. It goes over the Valira Nord River and follows the high road that linked the area with Andorra la Vella. The mediaeval structure was restored in the mid-20th century.


Thursday, May 13, 2010

Canada - Quebec Bridge 魁北克大橋


Stamp Issue : 1928-29  


Stamp Issue : 1995-09-01 

Quebec Bridge crosses the Saint Lawrence River in Quebec, Canada. The bridge is a riveted steel truss structure and is 987 metres long, 29 metres wide, and 104 metres high. Cantilever arms 177 metres long support a 195 metres central structure, for a total span of 549 metres, the longest cantilever bridge span in the world.
The bridge accommodates three highway lanes (none until 1929, one until 1949, two until 1993), one rail line (two until 1949), and a pedestrian walkway (originally two); at one time it also carried a streetcar line. It has been owned by the Canadian National Railway since 1993.
Quebec Bridge was declared a historic monument in 1987 by the Canadian and American Society of Civil Engineers, and on January 24, 1996, the bridge was declared a National Historic Site of Canada.