Friday, July 23, 2010

China - Guangji Bridge 廣濟橋


Stamp Issue : 2009-11-16 

Guangji Bridge (aka Xiangzi Bridge) is a pontoon bridge situated in the east of Chaozhou in Guangdong Province. Crossing the Han River, the bridge is renowned as one of the four most famous ancient bridges in China with the other three being the Zhaozhou Bridge, Luoyang Bridge and Lugou Bridge.
Built in 1170 during the Southern Song Dynasty, originally a wooden pontoon bridge, the stone bridge took 57 years to complete, was 515 meters long and known as Jizhou Bridge. The two beamed sections were supported by 18 piers. Due to turbulent current, a bridge could not be built in the middle section that was about 100 meters wide. Small ferryboats were used to transport between the two beamed sections instead.
Renovated in 1435 (the 10th year of Xuande Empeor of the Ming Dynasty), the bridge was extended by erecting five more piers and 12 pavilions. It was renamed to Guangji Bridge. During the reign of Zhengde Emperor (1505–1521), another pier was erected which gave a total of 24 piers, all made in granite. The two beamed sections were connected by chaining 18 shuttle boats to form a pontoon which served as a gate that could be open and close. The boats could be disconnected to allow large boats and rafts passage, and then reconnected to return to their original position. This was the first switchable stone bridge in China and in the world, an innovation that set a precedent in bridge-building history.
Guangji Bridge was renovated many times since. In 2003, the bridge was fully restored to its original appearance and completed in June 2007.

公元1435年 (明宣德十年) 重修,並增建五墩,橋上修築樓閣12座, 稱廣濟橋;正德年間,又增建一墩,總共24墩。橋墩用花崗石塊砌成。中段用18艘梭船聯成浮橋,能開能合,當大船、木排通過時,可以將浮橋中的浮船解開,讓船隻、木排通過。然後再將浮船歸回原處。這是中國、也是世界上最早的一座開關活動式大石橋。為橋建築界歷史創下先河。

Wednesday, July 21, 2010

China - Hangzhou Bay Bridge 杭州灣跨海大橋


Stamp Issue : 2009-06-18 

Hangzhou Bay Bridge is an S-shaped cable-stayed bridge. Starting in Jiaxing to the north, the bridge ends at Ningbo's Cixi County in the south. It shortens the ground transportation distance from Ningbo to Shanghai by 120 km. Construction was started in 2003 and completed in 2007. The bridge was open to the public on May 1, 2008. It helps relieve the traffic congestion for Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo Expressway significantly.
The bridge consists of nine sections. It is 33 meters wide with six lanes, three in each direction. The total length is 36 km which makes it the longest sea-crossing bridge in the world and is expected to last at least 100 years.
There are two navigable bridges. The north navigable bridge is a cable-stayed bridge with twin diamond-shaped towers, double cable and steel box-girders. The main span of the north approach is 448 meters. The south navigable bridge is a cable-stayed bridge with an A-shaped single tower, double-cable and steel box-girders. The main span is 318 meters.
Situated 1.4 km away from the south shore is a 12,000 square meters offshore platform used for rescue services. It is also a tourist leisure area.


Wednesday, July 7, 2010

Macau - Friendѕhip Bridge 友誼大橋


Stamp Issue : 1999-12-20 

Friendѕhip Bridge (Ponte de Amizade) was built to ease the traffic congestion of the original Macau-Taipa Bridge. As the second bridge connecting Macau and Taipa, it is also called "New Macau-Taipa Bridge" and is the longest of the three bridges linking Macau and Taipa.
Built in wavy shape, it is a cable-stayed bridge made with piles and concretes. The construction was started in 1990 and completed in 1994. Including 800 meters of viaduct, the bridge is 4700 meters long in total and is 18 meters wide. The two upraises are about 30 meters above sea level in order to facilitate seaway traffic.

澳門友誼大橋是為解決澳氹大橋的交通擠塞而建,也是第二座連接半島和氹仔的橋,故又稱新澳氹大橋。 它是連接澳門半島和氹仔三座橋梁中最長的一條橋。

Sunday, July 4, 2010

France - Pont Alexandre III 亞歷山大三世橋


Stamp Issue : 1949-06-13  


Stamp Issue : 2008-03-18 


Stamp Issue : 2010-06-12 

Alexandre III Bridge (Pont Alexandre III) is an arch bridge that spans the Seine, connecting the Champs-Élysées quarter and the Invalides and Eiffel Tower quarter, widely regarded as the most ornate, extravagant bridge in Paris, France.
The bridge, with its exuberant Art Nouveau lamps, cherubs, nymphs and winged horses at either end, was built between 1896 and 1900. It is named after Tsar Alexander III, who had concluded the Franco-Russian Alliance in 1892. His son Nicholas II laid the foundation stone in October 1896. The style of the bridge reflects that of the Grand Palais, to which it leads on the right bank.
It was 160 meters length, has six-meter high single span steel arch in 107 meters long, 40 meters wide, was the feat of engineering in fact.


Saturday, July 3, 2010

China - Gongchen Bridge 拱宸橋


Stamp Issue : 2009-09-26 

Situated at north of Gongshu District, the Gongchen Bridge connects Taizhou Road on the east, Bridge Nong Street on the west and is the biggest stone arch bridge in Hangzhou. It marks the end point of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal. 'Chen' in the bridge name means imperial palace. Thus, Gongchen Bridge is named to symbolize greeting the emperor with respect.
Originally built in 1631 (the 4th year of Chongzhen's reign of the Ming Dynasty), the Gongchen Bridge was rebuilt in the 1885 (the 11th year of the reign of Guangxu), the three arch stone bridge is 98 metres long, 5.9 meters wide, and 15.8 metres above the canal. The middle arch is 15.8 meters long in clear span, while the two side ones, 11.9 meters each. The arch ring stone is 30 cm thick and the middle pier is around 1 meter thick.

始建於明崇禎四年(西元1631年),清光緒十一年(西元1885年)重建。橋梁總長98公尺,寬5.9公尺,高15.8 公尺。中孔淨跨15.8公尺,兩邊孔各為11.9公尺。拱券石厚30公分。中墩厚約1公尺,為三孔石拱橋。

Friday, July 2, 2010

Yugoslavia - King Alexander Bridge 亞歷山大國王大橋


Stamp Issue : 1938-05-28 

King Alexander Bridge (most kralja Aleksandra) is a suspension bridge, spans the Sava River in capital Belgrade’s of former Yugoslavia (now Serbia). The bridge was built from 1930 to 1934, with a centre span of 262 meters and a total length of 412 meters.
The bridge destroyed in 1941 and rebuilt after the end of World War II. 1956 as a 450 meters long steel girder bridge (renamed Brankova Street Bridge), at the time it was the longest bridge of that kind in the world.


Thursday, July 1, 2010

France - Pont George V 喬治五世橋


Stamp Issue : 1995-06-02 

George V Bridge (French: Pont George V also called Pont Royal) is a masonry arch bridge crossing the River Loire at Orléans in the department of Loiret in central France. It is the main old bridge facing the Sanite-Croix cathedral.
The bridge was built in 1751–1760, composing of nine arches with slightly unequal spans. The central arch span is 32.5 meters, and the total bridge length is 325 meters.
Near the end of Second World War, the U.S. Air Force heavily bombed the city, and severely damaged the bridge. The destroyed spans were reconstructed beginning on 1 September 1945, and the bridge was re-opened to traffic on 4 January 1947.